State of play, International RBC agreements
A number of sectors have already concluded international RBC agreements while others are still discussing the possibility of such an agreement. A list of agreements and the current state of play are summarised below.
- Dutch Agreement on Sustainable Garments and Textile
- Dutch Banking Sector Agreement
- Responsible Gold Agreement
- Agreement to Promote Sustainable Forestry
- Agreement for the Food Products Sector
- Dutch Pension Funds Agreement on International Responsible Investment
- Agreement for international responsible investment in the insurance sector
- Natural Natural Stone Sector Agreement (TruStone Initiative)
- Agreement Floricultural Sector
- Agreement for the Metallurgy Sector
- Agreement for the Agricultural sector
- Agreement for the Sustainable Energy Sector
- Some 93 brands have signed up to the agreement, representing around 48% of the market (as of Dec. 2018). The parties to the agreement also include two trade unions, the Dutch government, three industry associations and five NGOs.
- The second annual report was published in April 2019. The annual report explains how the participating companies were assessed.
- Three collective projects are under way involving cooperation between companies and parties. They focus on living wage, child and forced labour in India and Bangladesh, and dye houses in China. The living wage project is compulsory for all signatories starting in the third year of their participation.
- A list of the Production sites of companies that have signed the agreement can be found online. A new list is published every year on 4 July. This information enables local trade unions and NGOs to report malpractices in the production and supply chain to the secretariat for the agreement. So far, several instances of malpractice have been reported and addressed. Participating companies also report on the materials that they use every year. The number of listed production sites has increased from 2,802 in late 2016 to 4,268 in late 2017 and 6,289 in late 2018. The increase is due in part to new information emerging about the value chain and because new companies have joined the agreement.
- All companies perform their annual due diligence (RBC risk management). An assessment framework is used to evaluate the annual action plans that they draw up for this purpose.
- Companies and parties have been trained in performing due diligence and in how to approach issues related to living wage, procurement practices, animal welfare and freedom of association.
- An independent complaints and disputes mechanism has been set up and procedures have been published, which is unique anywhere in the world.
- A report on Animal Welfare in the Garment Sector has been drafted and published, as well as fact sheets on animal welfare.
- Companies that sign up to the agreement are expected to communicate publicly about their due diligence by the third year at the latest. This means that companies that signed the agreement in 2016 started communicating publicly in 2019 in line with the ‘criteria for communication by companies’. Links to their communications can be found here.
- Statements of support have been received from 15 national and international initiatives and organisations.
- Upscaling to international level: close cooperation with German sister initiative Textilbündnis.
- Agreements were reached in the second half of 2018 with the OECD, Textilbündnis and the Sustainable Apparel Coalition on an Alignment Assessment whereby the instruments and methods developed by each initiative will be examined in relation to the due diligence requirements set by the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (2011). The results of the assessment are expected in 2019.
- A coalition of banks, the Dutch Banking Association (NVB), trade unions, civil society organisations (CSOs), and the Dutch Government concluded an agreement which was operative from the end of 2016 until the end of 2019. They aimed to work towards a situation in which human rights are respected. The Agreement ended in December 2019. The Committee was chaired by an independent chairperson: Prof. Jacqueline Cramer.
The Secretariat is hosted by the Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands (SER) in The Hague. The SER also facilitated the negotiations that led to the agreement.
During the term of the covenant, the parties have developed various activities (see news items) and several reports have been produced that provide sector-specific interpretations of the UN Guiding Principles and OECD guidelines in the field of human rights (See publications).
The agreement finishes with a report of the independent Monitoring Committee and a closing statement of the Steering Group. See the Publications page of the covenant.
Responsible Gold Agreement:
- Twelve companies in the value chain have, for a five-year period, committed to working with the Dutch government, one trade union, three NGOs and two industry associations to achieve a substantial positive effect in the international gold supply chain and to reduce (possible) adverse effects on human rights and/or the environment and biodiversity.
- The second annual report was published in September 2019. It links to a video (in Dutch) about the purpose of the agreement. Five of the affiliated companies have so far published a due diligence report in the second year; in the first year, that number was eight.
- A project intended to combat child labour and improve working conditions in small-scale gold mines in Uganda is making good progress.
- Various tools have been developed under the agreement to help companies carry out due diligence, such as a questionnaire, an ‘OECD guidelines for dummies’ manual and a checklist for due diligence reports.
- Participation in the Responsible Jewellery Council’s consultations on reviewing the Code of Conduct and the World Gold Council’s consultations on developing Responsible Gold Mining Principles.
- Twenty-three parties have signed the agreement, of which 13 are industry associations, representing a total of more than 12,000 companies.
- The secretariat is hosted not by the Social and Economic Council of the Netherlands but by Stichting Bewust met Hout.
- In June 2018, three industry organisations signed up on behalf of all their members and are collaborating with three NGOs, two trade unions, two ministries and the Dutch Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH), a research organisation, to create a responsible supply chain.
- The monitoring tool for assessing progress in due diligence is accessible to the public and was rolled out for the first time in May 2019.
- There were joint training sessions on living wage and due diligence and an inspiration session for companies.
- A Due Diligence Manual in line with OECD Guidelines was assembled and published.
- A collective project was launched with the cooperation of various supermarket chains on living wage in the banana supply chain.
- The first annual report was published in September 2019.
- Since December 2018, 81 Dutch pension funds, the Federation of the Dutch Pension Funds, NGOs, trade unions and the Dutch government have signed a Pension Funds Agreement on International Responsible Investment. The agreement is meant to help pension funds to gain a clearer picture of the international investment chain and thus prevent or tackle issues such as human rights violations and environmental damage.
- The independent monitoring committee conducted its baseline assessment. The results were published in November 2019.
- The parties are working together in the ‘Deep Track’, with pension funds, NGOs, trade unions and government cooperating on practical cases so as to learn from one another and to maximise their positive impact. The first two cases were launched in 2019.
- The first set of instruments will also be published in December 2019
- In July 2018, two industry organisations signed up on behalf of all their members and are collaborating with six NGOs, one trade union and two Dutch ministries to promote responsible investment in the insurance sector.
- The parties are establishing joint frameworks on such issues as animal welfare, children’s rights, climate change, controversial weapons and controversial arms trade.
- The parties are working to share their knowledge based on practical case studies.
- The parties are cooperating on an annual theme. The first year’s theme is ‘Climate and energy’.
- An independent monitoring committee published its baseline assessment. The results are described in the first annual report, published in October.
Natural Stone Sector Agreement (TruStone Initiative)
- On 10 and 13 May, the governments of Flanders and the Netherlands, a trade union, various NGOs and representatives of the natural stone sector signed the international RBC Agreement in the natural stone sector, also known as the TruStone Initiative. The agreement will be rolled out officially on 1 October. Until then, Dutch and Flemish companies are being recruited to participate.
- A number of RBC pilots have been running since 2017 for organisations that buy natural stone. Procurement procedures play an important role in this context.
- Sustainability entrepreneur and consultant Pieter van der Gaag has been appointed chairperson.
- A major launch meeting was held on 22 November for all the agreement participants.
- Part of the website was translated into French to engage businesses in Wallonia as well.
An agreement was concluded on 2 July in the floricultural sector. The dialogue is ongoing in a number of other sectors, such as the agricultural and sustainable energy sectors.