Collective project on combating child labour
From 2017 until March 2020 a coalition of parties and companies have worked together to prevent and eliminate child labour in garment supply chains in India and Bangladesh. All project partners follow-up on the commitments made in the Agreement on a Sustainable Garment and Textile sector (AGT). This first collective AGT project is coordinated by Hivos and implemented with six companies, Unicef, Arisa, SAVE, READ, CCR CSR, Fair Labor Association, INretail, and AGT-Secretariat.
In this project the companies and parties aim to permanently prevent and eliminate child labour in garment supply chains, including the lower tiers. In the long-term they aim to contribute to providing children and their families with a sustainable solution addressing the root causes of child labour and access to education. Within this project direct engagement and collaboration between the brands, suppliers, FLA and the (local) NGOs is key. Useful tools were developed during the course of the project for the participating companies to for example increase transparency by mapping their supply chains and to engage and collaborate actively with their suppliers. These tools are now publicly available for all AGT signatories and other interested parties and companies.
Collective project on living wage
The theme ‘living wage’ is addressed specifically in the Dutch Agreement on Sustainable Garments and Textile. The Parties that drew up the Agreement together regard a living wage and social dialogue as essential themes. That is because progress in these two areas can have a positive impact on all the other themes. They are therefore of critical value and occupy a central place in the Agreement. Signatories can help support a living wage by adopting sustainable procurement practices.
The Signatories of the Dutch Agreement on Sustainable Garments and Textile have undertaken a collective project that addresses all of these aspects, i.e. living wage, social dialogue and sustainable procurement practices. The project activities are being developed and carried out in cooperation with the Participating Parties (trade unions, NGOs, industry associations) and Supporters. They are seeking the necessary international cooperation and scaling-up opportunities with existing initiatives.
The project combines activities at three levels: within the businesses that have signed the Agreement, at their suppliers (factories), and at the national level in the production countries. The Signatories to the Agreement are integrating support for a living wage into their Due Diligence process, procurement practices and dialogues with their suppliers/factories. The project is also working to raise awareness among and build the knowledge and capacity of suppliers in production countries. In addition, it also aims to help create a level playing field in production countries, with an increase in the minimum wage and collective bargaining at sector level leading to a vast improvement in workers’ wages throughout the entire garment and textile sector. Sustainable procurement practices in the sector must support these wage increases.
Collective project to improve sustainability of Chinese dye houses
The Dutch Agreement on Sustainable Garments and Textile started a new factory improvement project for dye houses in China, funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Consulate General in Shanghai). Engineering firm Arcadis helps us to implement this program to improve environmental and social performance in the Chinese wet processing industry. The project seeks to support a selection of Chinese dye houses (based in Shanghai, Jiangsu or Zhejiang) that supply Dutch clothing brands in improving their sustainability.
The program revolves around 3 main topics, based on research and stakeholder interviews.
- Pollution prevention: Dye houses are among one of the most polluting industries in China. Through their extensive use of heavy chemicals in combination with limited waste water treatment, the surrounding environment of this industry is often adversely affected. By careful considerations of chemical use and support in selecting and implementing adequate treatment options, the program stimulates to prevent pollution in future situations.
- Resource consumption: Heavy industries, like the dye houses, often use several resources in abundance, like energy, chemicals and water. Through support in monitoring programs and advising solutions for reducing resource consumption, this program hopes to support dye houses in reducing their energy, chemical and water footprint.
- Occupational Health & Safety: The safety of personnel working in factories, like dye houses, can often be at risk due to poor operating procedures and limited monitoring. The program will focus on enhancing the situation and management around health and safety and recommend ways forward.
The program will align with Chinese legislation, International standards and initiatives that are currently running in the textile industry, including monitoring tools like the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC) Higg Facility Environmental Module (FEM), Amfori Business Environmental Performance Initiative (BEPI) and Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC).
The program consists of 3 distinct phases. In the 1st phase, reconnaissance visits at 10 different dye houses will be conducted, to assess the level of environmental and social performance regarding the 3 main topics specified above, and formulate an action plan for improvement. In the 2nd phase Arcadis will support the dye houses in tailoring (fine tuning) the resulting implementation program to the specific situation and capabilities of each of the dye houses. The dye houses will also be closely guided in tracking their progress and development of improvements. Throughout implementation, Arcadis will support the dye houses in any queries they might have and regularly organize update meetings. In the 3rd phase the improvements will be monitored, concluding with a final report and recommendations.